Figure Skating Glossary, Ice Skating 101

Figure skating competition at the 2022 Winter Olympics runs from Friday, February 4 through Sunday, February 20. We’ve seen incredible performances and seen athletes like Nathan Chen (Salt Lake City, UT), madison hubbell (Lansing, Michigan), Zach Donohue (Hartford, Connecticut), and Kamila Valieva elevate the sport of figure skating to a new caliber.

RELATED: Nathan Chen 2022 Winter Olympics Schedule

Below is a figure skating glossary with some commonly used terms that you will likely continue to hear throughout the remainder of the Beijing Winter Games. Click here for the full figure skating schedule and be sure to catch all the action on NBC and Peacock.

RELATED: 2022 Winter Olympics – TV Schedule, Beijing Winter Games Day-to-Day Watching Guide

Figure Skating Glossary

Axel: A forward-facing jump invented by Norwegian Axel Paulson in 1882. The Axel is the only jump in which skaters take off from a front outside edge. The skater turns one and a half times in the air – two and a half times for a double, and so on – before landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot from which they took off.

Camel Ride: The skater spins on one leg with the free leg extended in the air, parallel to the ice.

Combined boom: The skater changes position while maintaining speed and a continuous pirouette (may or may not include a change of foot).

Crosses: Movement of the foot in which the skater crosses one foot over the other in order to gain speed and turn corners. This step can be performed forwards and backwards.

Death Spiral: A pair pirouette in which the man stands like the anchor in a pivoting position while holding his partner’s hand as she spins, body extended low and parallel to the ice, around him.

Edge jump: In a jump edge, a skater takes off from the entry edge of the skating (take-off) foot without bringing the free foot into contact with the ice to facilitate the take-off. The three edge jumps are the Axel, the Loop and the Salchow.

To return to : A toe-assisted jump in which the skater takes off from the back inside edge of one foot and lands on the back outside edge of the opposite foot.

Flutz: “Flutz” is an unofficial term for a common mistake made by skaters attempting the Lutz jump. A Lutz is “flutzed” when a skater transitions from a back outside edge to an inside edge just before takeoff.

Flying rotation: A pirouette with a jumping entrance. For example, in a flying sit spin, the skater jumps up and assumes a seated position at the top of the jump before landing in a similar seated position on the ice and performing a sit spin.

Lift: Among the most exciting elements of pairs and ice dancing, lifts involve lifting the female partner above the head of the male partner. There are several different types of lifts, differentiated by entry style and the pair’s position and hand grips during the lift.

Buckle: A jump in which skaters take off from a back outside edge and land on the same edge with the same foot.

Salchow: Edge jump named after Ulrich Salchow of Sweden, 10-time world champion from 1901 to 1911. Skaters take off from the back inside edge of one foot and land on the back outside edge of the opposite foot.

Shadow skating: Identical movements performed by pair skaters close to each other.

Seat rotation: Pirouette performed in a seated position. At the edge of the ice, the skater turns with one leg bent and the other leg extended alongside.

Spiral: Movement in which the skater extends their free leg behind them during a long slide to demonstrate both flexibility and fluidity, often included in the choreographic sequence of a program.

Caress: A maneuver used to gain speed. Skaters push forward from one inside edge to the other inside edge.

Throw Jump: A pair skating maneuver in which the male throws his partner into the air, and she lands unassisted on a back outside edge.

Tip of the foot: The tooth-like ridge at the front of the blade used for turning and jumping.

Tourbillon: It is one of the most easily identifiable moves in ice dancing. Twizzles are a series of turns on one foot. Skaters rotate quickly with continuous action, side to side, preferably close to each other on the ice (but not touching). The weight remains on the skating foot, the free foot in any position during the turn.


Stream the Olympics on Peacock so you never miss a second of the action this year. Peacock will be the streaming home of the Beijing Winter Games, providing live coverage of every event, amounting to more than 2,800 hours of Olympic action. In addition to live coverage of each event, viewers will also be able to enjoy the opening and closing ceremonies, NBC’s prime-time nightly show, full replays of all competitions available immediately after , exclusive daily programming in the studio, medal ceremonies, numerous highlights clips. , and more. Click here to register.


For the second consecutive Winter Games and third overall, NBC will air its Olympic prime-time broadcast live in all time zones.

What time does primetime coverage start each night on NBC?

  • Monday Friday: 8:00 p.m. ET
  • Sunday: 7:00 p.m. ET

RELATED: 2022 Winter Olympics Figure Skating – Schedule, Live Stream, TV Channel, How to Watch Online

Be sure to follow OlympicTalk and NBC Olympics for the latest Beijing Winter Games news and updates!

Comments are closed.